Ethiopia has just 14 physician-anesthesiologists in their public system to care for the surgical and obstetric patients of a country of 80 million people. Our hope is to increase the number of physician-trained anesthesiologists who can provide the teaching and mentorship to other allied health anesthesia providers, as well as for the complex, high risk cases of Black Lion Hospital in Addis Ababa.
The University of Toronto, Faculty of Dentistry provides its Ethiopian partner school support towards building capacity in oral health care in the region. With only 11 postgraduate specialists and roughly 250 dentists in a country of over 90 million people, the Addis Ababa University School of Dentistry will benefit from advanced training at both the undergraduate and postgraduate levels. An example of the commitment to helping the school develop postgraduate specialty training programs is in the discipline of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, where AAU has just commenced a specialty training program.
Collaboration has begun between the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering at the University of Toronto and the Addis Ababa Institute of Technology (AAiT), which is part of Addis Ababa University.
The goal is to help AAiT mount its Ph.D. program by helping create sustainable graduate courses in the faculty. The Government of Ethiopia has made the creation of Ph.D. graduates a priority, to supply faculty to teach in the growing number of Universities in Ethiopia.
In October 2010, with its first formal teaching trip to Black Lion Hospital in Ethiopia, the Toronto-Addis Ababa Academic Collaboration in Emergency Medicine (TAAAC-EM) was launched. Its vision is to create an enduring academic and educational collaboration whereby Ethiopian emergency specialists are trained to lead their country’s healthcare system and teach future generations of physicians.
Family and Community Medicine
Family medicine as a discipline is in its infancy in Ethiopia. There are many GPs in the country, graduates of medical school whose postgraduate training is a one-year hospital-based internship and who play a crucial role in the delivery of care. However, Ethiopia currently has only one doctor for every 35,000 people, well below the WHO recommended minimum standard of 1 for every 10,000. The concept of comprehensive patient-centered community-oriented family medicine is only now beginning to grow.
In the Spring of 2008 Sandra Kendall, library director at Mount Sinai Hospital, was invited to travel to Ethiopia, East Africa as part of the Toronto Addis Ababa Psychiatry Project (TAAPP). Sandra had the opportunity to meet with the chief medical librarian at the Black Lion Hospital in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and saw first hand the limitations to accessing print and digital resources in the Black Lion medical library.
Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy
The Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy has collaborated with the School of Pharmacy at Addis Ababa University to support graduate training (MSc and PhD) for pharmacists in the area of Social Pharmacy for over 10 years.
Medical imaging as a formal medical speciality was established at Addis Ababa University in the ‘90s and therefore a well-founded residency training program exists at the AAU. Ten full-time radiologists along with a number of part-time radiologists participate in the training of 26 residents. The department is headed by Dr. Asfaw Atnafu, a fellowship trained radiologist.
The current partnership between the Centralized School of Nursing, Addis Ababa University and Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing, University of Toronto formally began in 2008. It was built on previous needs assessment trips, first focused on supporting basic psychiatric nursing diploma program at Amanuel Mental Hospital, and then strengthening the masters program at AAU. It is a collaboration that engages nursing leaders in education, research, and practice. The overall aim is to support the vision of Ethiopian nursing leaders to strengthen the profession within Ethiopia through higher education and professional development.
The early context and background for Toronto Addis Ababa Psychiatry Program (TAAPP): in Ethiopia, 85% of 94 million Ethiopians live in rural settings, and less than half have access to primary health care. Shortages of physicians with a brain drain of 80%, and a scarcity of allied health professionals with 40% of the population living below 1$/day, has resulted in a health care infrastructure struggling to cope with emergent and lingering health issues.